The future tense forms begin usually with ‘shall’ and ‘will’.
In this tense the first form of the verb is used.
The formula for simple future (Positive) is Subject + Aux + V1
|I shall write.||I shall not write.||Shall I write?|
|We shall write.||We shall not write.||Shall we write?|
|You will write.||You will not write.||Will you write?|
|He will write.||He will not write.||Will he write?|
|She will write.||She will not write.||Will she write?|
|It will write.||It will not write.||Will it write?|
|They will write.||They will not write.||Will they write?|
Rules and uses of Simple future tense
Simple Future Tense is used
- To predict a future event.
Example : It will rain tomorrow.
- With I or We, to express a spontaneous decision.
Example : I shall pay for the books by cash.
- To express an intention/willingness.
Example : He will accompany you.
- Create a conditional situation where something should happen in order for something else to occur.
Example : If you come along with me, I shall buy a chocolate for you.
Here it may be mentioned that strict grammar rules prefer the use of ‘shall’ for first person singular and plural – ‘I’ and ‘We’.
Use of ‘shall’ and ‘will’.
However, in the present day English, the difference between ‘shall’ and ‘will’ is gradully disappearing. Still we need to learn the use of these two auxiliary verbs in future tense forms.
- a) ‘Shall’ is used with ‘I’ and ‘we’, and ‘will’ is used with you, he, she, it and they to indicate indefinite/uncertain future.
- I/we shall go there next month. (Not certain- may or may not go).
- He/she/it and they will go there next month. (Not certain again-may or may not go)
- b) ‘will’ is used with I and we to indicate determination (decision, intention and premise).
- I will go there next week (determination- decided to go)
- We will start a new business soon (Intention- start a business soon).
- I/we will help you in your project (Promise-assurance).
- c) ‘shall’ with I and we expresses emotions and feelings.
- I shall thank you if you do that favor.
- We shall feel happy if they come here next Sunday.
- d) ‘shall’ is used with you, he, she, it and they expresses commands/orders or duties.
- He shall come here by tomorrow morning (order).
- You shall finish the work by tomorrow noon (order).
- They shall go to the office before 9.30am (duty).
Note: However, in interrogative sentences ‘will’ is never used with ‘I & We’. To ask questions ‘shall’ has to be used.
- Shall I ask you something?
- Shall we start the work?